Lettuce is a popular vegetable in the kitchen, generally serving as a light starter or as an accompaniment to many meals. It also provides important benefits to the body, since it fights anemia, prevents constipation, helps control high cholesterol, regulates blood sugar levels, serves to treat pain, helps to cure a cold and many other advantages.
However, lettuce can also cause serious illnesses if we do not wash and disinfect it well, as it sometimes brings with it certain unhealthy microorganisms. How does this happen? If the lettuce is collected at home or you buy it more naturally, it usually brings along remnants of soil and compost that contain microorganisms. Also, if you have no guarantee of how it was grown, watered and handled, you risk bacteria like Escherichia coli. Either way, you should always disinfect lettuce properly (even if you buy it from the supermarket). For this reason, in RecetasGratis we explain how to disinfect lettuce in different ways.
How to disinfect lettuce without chemicals
To disinfect lettuce without any chemicals, the general recommendations you should follow are as follows:
- Lettuce is cleaned just before consuming. Never wash this vegetable to store it, as excess moisture accelerates its deterioration.
- Wash your hands very well. Clean them carefully, using soap and water for 20 seconds.
- Thoroughly clean the work surface and the utensils you will use. For example, knife, table, strainer, table, etc. Also, have a table for everything: one for vegetables, one for meat, and one for fish. With all these measures, you avoid cross contamination.
- Leafless lettuce, wash and disinfect. Remove the leaves very carefully to avoid breaking or mistreating them. Immerse them in water with a natural antiseptic, such as lemon or vinegar, as we will explain below.
- The soaking time should not exceed 15-20 minutes. After that time, rub the lettuce leaves with your hands, one by one, very gently so as not to mistreat them. Do this until you feel no traces of dirt or any dirt.
- Rinse them under running water. Once the lettuce leaves are disinfected, rinse them well, letting enough water run over them.
- Eliminate dark or wilted leaves.
- Dry the lettuce leaves very well before serving.. Pass them through a strainer or dry them with kitchen paper. Afterwards, you can season them and serve them as you prefer.
Advice: You should always wash the lettuce before cutting it.
How to disinfect lettuce with bleach
One of the most efficient germicides for food products for human consumption is known as food grade bleach. Be careful, it is not the bleach used for household cleaning tasks, since it is highly toxic and should never be used to disinfect food.
Food grade bleach helps purify drinking water and food (fruits and vegetables). The ability to clean and disinfect chlorine, in all its presentations, is indisputable, since inhibits and destroys a wide variety of microorganisms: bacteria, viruses, molds, yeasts, spores, algae, protozoa, all the microorganisms of fecal origin and many others. So what is the formula to wash the lettuce with bleach?
- Pour a solution into a large bowl 1 liter of water for 1 tsp of food bleach.
- Follow the steps mentioned above, so dip the lettuce in this solution and leave it for 20 minutes.
How to disinfect lettuce with vinegar
White vinegar has known antimicrobial capabilities, which serve both to sanitize surfaces and remove fat and to disinfect vegetables. In addition, it is not toxic and is an excellent way to disinfect lettuce without chemicals. Most of its antiseptic action comes from its acidic pH of 2.4 and its acetic content. However, you should consider that its effectiveness is around 80%Since there are pathogens that you cannot eliminate or inhibit. To use vinegar as a food disinfectant, do it as follows:
- Prepare a large bowl of water and vinegar. Do it in equal parts, that is half and half (for example 250 ml of each).
- Always keep in mind to follow the disinfection protocol to guarantee the final result.
How to disinfect lettuce with baking soda
Baking soda is a water soluble compound that has a slight alkaline flavor. When this product is exposed to a somewhat strong acid, it decomposes into carbon dioxide and water. From this reaction, its multiple uses emerge, among which its antimicrobial power. Baking soda is excellent for disinfecting lettuce naturally, as it it is not toxic and leaves no flavor. That said, prepare this antiseptic in the following way:
- Pour into a large bowl 1 liter of warm-hot water and a couple of teaspoons of baking soda.
- Use this homemade product always accompanied by the complete procedure to disinfect lettuce.
How to disinfect lettuce with lemon
Lemon is a good natural antiseptic due to its high level of acidity that changes the pH in bacterial cells. Thus, an acidic environment develops in which microbes cannot survive. Its effectiveness as a disinfectant is said to outperform vinegar. How about we see the recipe for this natural disinfectant?
- Wash the lemons very well, rubbing the rinds with a brush, rinse them with plenty of tap water and disinfect them.
- Deposit in a large bowl 1 liter of water and ¼ or ½ liter of lemon juice.
- Apply the steps to disinfect lettuce.
How to disinfect lettuce with hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide or hydrogen peroxide it has germicidal properties, capable of eliminating microorganisms by oxidation, since it generates a controlled burn process. Perhaps many people would not associate this antiseptic with a food disinfectant, but it does work, since it is not toxic and eliminates many microorganisms. But how do you disinfect lettuce with hydrogen peroxide?
- Deposit in a large bowl 1 liter of water with ½ cup of hydrogen peroxide (10 volumes, the one for medical use).
- Follow the method to sanitize the lettuce.
Although this way of disinfecting lettuce is not harmful, we recommend opting for the above remedies, which are much safer. Once the lettuce has been disinfected, you can now use it to make your favorite recipes. We recommend the following dishes:
- Lettuce fritters
- Lettuce pesto
- Apple and lettuce salad
- Pasta salad with chicken and lettuce
If you liked the article How to disinfect lettuce, we suggest you enter our Cheats and techniques category.